The Prophet Muhammad (SAW)
The Prophet Muhammad (SAW) is the last Prophet and founder of Islam. Muhammad (SAW) was sent by Allah Almighty towards the whole of humanity. He was the only son of Hazrat Abdullah and Hazrat Amna. He belonged to a respectable family of the Quraysh tribe. His family was active in politics and trade.
Biography of the Prophet Muhammad (SAW)
Muhammad (SAW) Early life
The Prophet Muhammad (SAW) was born in the town of Makkah in 571 AD. His Father Abdullah died before the birth of Muhammad (SAW). Prophet Muhammad (SAW) was raised by his mother Amna. According to the tradition of Makkah at an early stage, he was nursed by Halima Sadia. Prophet Muhammad’s mother died When he was six years old. After the death of Hazrat Amna (RA), Muhammad (SAW) was looked after by his grandfather Abdul Muttalib.
When Muhammad (SAW) was 8 years old his grandfather passed away. After the death of his grandfather, He grew up with his uncle Abu-Talib. In his teens sometimes he traveled by trading Caravan. Most of his early life was spent as a merchant. Due to his pure character, merchants give him the title of Sadiq and Amin, the one who is trustful.
Marriage with Hazrat Khadija
Hazrat Khadija was a merchant too in Makkah. At the age of 20 years, Muhammad (SAW) started work for Hazrat Khadijah who was 15 years his senior and soon she impressed by the honesty of prophet Muhammad (SAW). She sent him the message of marriage. He accepted the proposal and over the years spent a happy life with her At the time of marriage, prophet Muhammad’s age was 25 years while Khadija’s age was 40 years. Five children were born to them, two sons who (couldn’t alive) and died in infancy, and three daughters.
Muhammad Receives First Revelation and preaching of Islam
Most of the tribes living in the Arab were nomadic. Most tribes were worshipping their own set of gods. Prophet Muhammad (SAW) was very religious. Once a day he was busy in the worship of Allah in a cave on the ‘Mount AI-Noor’. The Angel Gabriel appeared and describe the words of Allah:
“Recite in the name of your Lord Who creates, creates man from a clot! Recite for your lord is most generous….”
Muhammad (SAW) preached Islam
Hazarat Muhammad started preaching Islam from his home. The first person to believe was his wife, Hazrat Khadija, his close friend Hazrat Abu Bakar Siddique, and Hazrat Ali (Prophet Muhammad (SAW)’s cousin) who was a child of few years. When prophet Muhammad(SAW) addressed the people of Makkah to worship only one Allah. Arab people became enemies of Hazrat Muhammad (SAW) as he asked them to leave their Gods. It was very shocking news for them because they were following their religion (to their Gods) for decades.
Makkah’s merchants and leaders offered Muhammad (SAW) a huge amount of wealth to abandon his preaching, but he refused. As Muhammad (SAW) power increased gradually. The strength of Muslims also increased. Muhammad and his followers were first belittled and ridiculed, later they were attacked physically for departing from Makkah. They also made a plan to kill Prophet Muhammad (SAW) but Allah saved him.
Migration to Madina
In 622, Muhammad and his few hundred followers migrated to Yathrib (Later renamed Madina), their people were well known for his wisdom to act as their mediator. Soon Yathrib became Madina (the City of the Prophet). Islam spread there rapidly.
The Military Period
The Makkah’s people couldn’t bear Muhammad’s (SAW) success in Madina. Between 624 and 628, the Muslims fight a series of battles for their survival with Makkah’s people( the Battle of Badar, the Battle of Uhud, and the Battle of the Trench, and the Siege of Medina). Of those Muslims won the first Battle of Badar, lost the second Battle of Uhud and outlasted the Third Battle of the Trench and the Siege of Medina.
In 628 an agreement was signed between two parties. According to which Muslims emerged as a new force in the Arab and gave them the freedom to move throughout Arabia. After a year, Makkah’s people broke that agreement.
The Conquest of Makkah
In 630 Muslims entered Makkah and conquest it easily. Prophet Muhammad (SAW) forgave all those who opposed him. In this way, most people of Makkah entered into Islam. Muhammad (SAW) and his followers break down all idols inside and around khana Kaba.
Death of Prophet Muhammad (SAW)
After performing pilgrimage with thousands of Muslims, Muhammad (SAW) came back to Madina. Three months later he died there in 632. He is buried in Masjid-e-Nabwi in Madina one of the mosques built by Muhammad (SAW).